The second resurrection, or resurrection of judgment, occurs after the resurrection of the righteous, and is the greater of the two in terms of the numbers of people involved. It will include
not the redeemed ones, but the unjust ones that Paul speaks of when he says, "And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both
of the just and unjust" (Acts 24.15 KJV bible). Thus, the great masses of individuals who are not sanctified to partake in the first, will be raised in the second resurrection.
The nature of the second resurrection is brought forth in Revelation, which depicts the dead being released from the power of death for the purpose of a final judgment, "And the sea gave
up the dead which were in it; and death and hell [Hades] delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works...And whosoever was not found written in
the book of life was cast into the lake of fire" (Revelation 20.13,15 KJV bible). So the second resurrection is a day of judgment for the unsanctified multitudes, when the wicked are weeded
out from among the righteous, and cast into eternal damnation (see ch.30 Eternal Torment).
In speaking of the second resurrection, Jesus warns of the condemnation to come, "The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them:
for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here" (Luke 11.31 KJV bible). At this final hour of judgment, the more
righteous among the nonbelievers will also rebuke the wicked, because there is nothing that is hidden that will not be revealed.
We can further understand this decisive event with the gospel of Matthew. Here Jesus portrays the second resurrection as a gathering together of the nations, "And before him shall be
gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. Then
shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world...Then shall he say also unto them on the left
hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels" (Matthew 25.32-34,41 KJV bible). Thus, the second resurrection will be a time of judgment and
reckoning, when the dead are raised up from Hades, some to receive eternal life, but others eternal condemnation in Gehenna.
In the Old Testament, we are given several veiled and fleeting glimpses of the second resurrection. They all describe a literal flesh and blood scenario, where people are raised out of their
graves for a final judgment.
The book of Daniel makes clear reference to the second resurrection. It says that the deceased will awaken from the dust of the earth, some to life, and others to condemnation, "And many
[or the multitude] of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt" (Daniel 12.2 KJV bible). Similarly, Job
makes allusion to the dead awakening from sleep at the time of the end, "So man lieth down, and riseth not: till the heavens be no more, they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their
sleep" (Job 14.12 KJV bible). Another reference is in the book of Isaiah, where the second resurrection is described as a resuscitation of people's corpses, "Your dead will live;
Their corpses will rise. You who lie in the dust, awake and shout for joy, For your dew is as the dew of the dawn, And the earth will give birth to the departed spirits" (Isaiah 26.19 NASB
bible). This more literal flesh and blood scenario is even echoed in the New Testament, "Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear
his voice, And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation" (John 5.28-29 KJV bible). So the
question becomes how literally or symbolically should we interpret these passages about the second resurrection?
If we take these passages literally, particularly Isaiah, then we would have to conclude that the second resurrection will be a revitalization of people's flesh bodies. However, this conclusion
would seem to contradict other scriptures which tell us that ultimately spiritual things will replace physical things, "While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things
which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal; but the things which are not seen are eternal" (1st Corinthians 4.18 KJV bible). This includes the abolition of flesh bodies,
and the foods that they require, "Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall destroy both it and them" (1st Corinthians 6.13 KJV bible). Further, we know that under
normal conditions a human corpse, including the skeleton, completely decays and dissolves away, "Then (in death) shall the dust return to the earth as it was..." (Ecclesiastes 12.7 KJV
bible). How could a corpse be raised up if there's nothing left of it?
To better understand the nature of the second resurrection, recall what Paul says in 1st Corinthians, "flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit
incorruption" (1st Corinthians 15.50 KJV bible). In light of Paul's statement that "corruption cannot inherit incorruption", consider what Jesus says to the sheep on his right hand,
"Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world" (Matthew 25.34 KJV bible). Now we can conclude from Paul's statement about
corruption not inheriting incorruption, that if the masses are resurrected into flesh bodies in the second resurrection, then none could have an inheritance in the Kingdom of God. However, Jesus
tells us plainly in Matthew 25 that some of them will receive an inheritance. Thus, we know that for the second resurrection to be for some a resurrection unto life, it must also be a spiritual
resurrection. So then why does the bible sometimes describe corpses rising from the ground, or people coming forth from their graves? Perhaps we need to discern the deeper meaning of these
Recall that there is a well-established three-way connection in scripture between the dust of the earth, the underworld, and spiritual death, "My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and
my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death" (Psalm 22.15 KJV bible). Dwelling or sleeping in the dust, is
another way of saying that the soul has not been redeemed, but abides in Hades, which is associated with spiritual corruption. Therefore, the dead in the second resurrection are described as
corpses dwelling in graves or the dust, because their disembodied souls dwell in a spiritual state of death resulting from their sins. This is why
Revelation says, "And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell [Hades] delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works"
(Revelation 20.13 KJV bible). In the resurrection, the dead will be spiritually, not physically, released from the dust of the earth or Hades, and thereby freed from the hold of spiritual
death which reigns over them, "For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive" (1st Corinthians 15.22 KJV bible). They will all be freed from death and quickened in
a spiritual sense. Then after judgment, some will go on to greater death, and others eternal life.
Thus, we can think of the second resurrection as a spiritual, and not literal, raising up of the dead. The prisoners are released from Hades and death for the purpose of standing trial, after
which the sheep will enter into the eternity, but the goats will be cast into Gehenna. Similar to the first resurrection, it will be a germination of souls wherein they receive spiritual bodies
(see ch.15 Resurrection of the Body). After they all receive spiritual bodies, some of them will be given a measure of inheritance in the eternal Kingdom,
to be with those from the first resurrection.
However, while the second resurrection is similar in nature to the first, the masses will not be raised with the glory of the saints. This is why Daniel 12.3 says, "And they that be wise
shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever" (Daniel 12.3 KJV bible). The wise ones from the first resurrection
will shine brighter than the others, because of what they have accomplished in turning many to righteousness. Their authority and inheritance in the Lord's Kingdom will be greater than the rest,
because in proving themselves faithful over a few things, they will be put in charge of many things (Matthew 25.14-30). Also in the resurrection, people's spiritual bodies will probably be
reflections of the type of seed from which they are brought forth, "God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body" (1st Corinthians 15.38 KJV bible). So
the ones who have endured in Christ will be resurrected into greater power and glory than the rest.
Dewayne Short 31 Aug 2009, 00:27
I enjoyed this reading thank you!
Have a good one!!!
Doug Buckley 31 Aug 2009, 20:40
The second resurrection, or resurrection of judgment, is a really important
subject in the bible.
- God bless
alfredo 26 May 2011, 15:40
what happens to those who never here of Jesus, i.e. a recently discovered
Amazon tribe or something, if some have recently been discovered, i think
its safe to say that many have died without hearing the gospel. Will there
be some type of chance for them after physical death.Does Romans 2v12 give
us any insight on this? Thanks
Terri D. 26 May 2011, 18:43
Interesting stuff! I've read 18 chapters so far today. One thing that is
confusing me a little is that I think your saying that some people will die
and go to hell and then later have their works judged on Judgement Day and
can go with the sheep and have eternal life. If this is the case, how come
they went to hell in the first place?
Doug Buckley 28 May 2011, 00:43
Hi Alfredo, In order for someone to be saved they need to hear and
understand the truth, which is the Word of God, "So then faith cometh by
hearing, and hearing by the word of God" (Romans 10.17 KJV bible). Who
hears and understands is not up to us, but God's prerogative, "No man can
come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him..." (John 6.44
KJV bible). See also Matthew 13.16.
Alot of pastors and such don't like this and so invent things like a Christ
moment where people who have never heard of Jesus can be saved. None of it
People who aren't saved will be raised up out of spiritual death in the
second resurrection. They will face God and have judgment for their works.
I suppose Christians who don't understand or believe in the second
resurrection and judgment day would have quite a problem explaining what
happens to people who never hear the gospel. Romans 2.1-16 relates to this
period of judgment. God bless
Doug Buckley 28 May 2011, 01:00
Hi Terri D., good to hear from you. Yes in the second resurrection people
will be raised up out of hell (Hades) and judged by their works.
I don't know if its fair to say that God sends people to hades, but they
send themselves there through their sins. None of us are fit for heaven
except through Christ. However, going through tribulation and reaping the
consequences of our misdeeds can have a positive effect on some of us.
Also, the people in Hades will be taught in the millennium as well. So it
is fortunate for many that the second resurrection is scheduled for the
Doug Buckley 27 Jul 2011, 02:42
moving some comments over here
Kyle 27 Jul 2011, 02:44
Doug, Let me clarify what I mean. Once Adam died all of his progeny meaning
the entire human race after that point were born spiritually dead. If the
plain understanding of scripture is really true then unsaved mankind after
that point in essence is more akin to animals in many ways but not
Let me expound upon this.
Body: "And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground….”
This is your lifeless physical body.
Soul: “…. and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life and man
became a living soul”
This is what gives your body it’s life.
Spirit: “ "Then God said "let us make man in our image, according to our
likeness.... So God created man in His own image, in the image of
God is spirit. For man to be created “In his likeness” means man had to
created with a living spirit.
Now if we are truly spiritually dead (Unless your saved hence born again)
based upon the clear reading of scripture how can physical man (unsaved)
continue to live after physical death? What could live on? If the body is
dead and the spirit is dead then where is life?
I believe that life ends for the nonbeliever upon physical death except for
the final judgment when temporary reanimation is given so final judgment
can be executed.
The unsaved will plead their case to no avail. Their works which are
likened unto filthy rags will not save them. In essence they missed the
point concerning salvation by grace.
All their “works” done in the “flesh” will be worthless. Salvation
is spiritual. Heaven is spiritual. What else can be done with the
unbeliever except for eternal physical and spiritual death.
The final judgment upon the wicked is not a last ditch opportunity for a
pardon but rather for the judge (God) to execute his final judgment. This
accomplishes a few things. First, Unsaved mankind will realize their error
and will be exposed as the wicked sinners they are even when they try to
tell God how “good“ they were (Mathew 7: 22,23). Second, God’s
fairness will be applied in that ALL will stand before him and give an
account (Even the elect but their‘s is based on rewards). Three EVERY
knee will bow even for a brief moment.
At that point what can the unsaved do? Nothing! They have no claim to
heaven because they were never born again/born above/spiritual. Their works
in the flesh (physical) were as filthy rags and furthermore God never knew
them (Mathew 7: 22,23) So what else but eternal death.
Kyle 27 Jul 2011, 02:45
As I see it the scriptures plainly teach that you must be “born again”
or another translation “born above”. Both of these terms would clearly
imply that prior to being born above/again you are merely born from below
or better stated from this earthly plane.
Upon falling in the garden mankind spiritually died hence the need to be
“born again”. Why again you ask? Simple! Because mankind died
spiritually and hence forth all of Adam’s progeny was spiritually dead.
In the old testament mankind looked forward to the coming messiah in hopes
of a resurrection. I firmly believe that this is where many sects such as
Jehovah Witnesses and seven day Adventists get it wrong. They assume that
at present all people who die enter “soul sleep” until the
resurrection. However MATTHEW 27:52-53 would suggest that the condition of
soul sleep was an old testament condition until Christ ascended into Heaven
at which time the saints past and all who died in Christ thereafter would
go to be with the Lord.
"And the tombs were opened; and many bodies of the saints that had fallen
asleep were raised; and coming forth out of the tombs after his
resurrection they entered into the holy city, and appeared unto many."
However, those people who are not saved past or present will not be
resurrected spiritually and will continue in their state of natural death
and unconsciousness until the second death. At the end of the millennium
those not in the book of life (the unsaved) will be resurrected
“physically” but not spiritually because they were NEVER born again.
Only believers are born again/above/spiritually.
“He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death." Revelation
"Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such
the second death hath no power." Revelation 20:6
At this point the multitude of unsaved spiritually dead people are judged
and they partake in the second death. What else can God do? As the old
earth passes away being consumed with fire what will happen to the unsaved
but annihilation via the burning up of the old system.
In summary I believe this is what the Bible teaches.
#1. Mankind is created both physically and spiritually.
#2. Mankind dies immediately spiritually upon sinning yet maintains
physical life until physical death.
#3. God provides another chance at eternal life by faith in God and the
belief in the coming messiah unto resurrection
#4. All saints at this point die physically and enter soul sleep until the
messiah sets them free. All reprobates remain dead until after the
#5 Christ is resurrected at which time all the old testament saints and all
saints thereafter are spiritually raised from the dead. No soul sleep for
any saints after this point (MATTHEW 27:52-53 )
#6. The Lord returns and at the end of this age and snatches up the
remaining believers (post trib rapture)
#7. All saints past and present are with the Lord for the Millennium
#8. All others are destroyed at the battle of Armageddon and the earth is
left void of life for the 1000 years. Satan is left powerless and chained.
#9. After the 1000 years God resurrects the reprobates in physical form and
Satan is released.
#10. Final judgment is served upon the unbelieving spiritually dead and
they are burned up along with the Old earth. Satan who is spiritual is
burned up along with the old heavens.
#11. New Heavens and new earth and new creation with no sin ever again.
Doug Buckley 27 Jul 2011, 02:47
Hi Kyle, just some observations, Matthew 27:52-53 was just a miraculous
event, and not the first resurrection of the dead. This is proved by 2nd
The first resurrection of the dead will happen when Christ returns
according to 1st Thess. 4.13-17 and 1st Corinthians 15.23,52. They are not
judged with the nonbelievers.
Jesus describes the judgment of the nations, or nonbelievers, in Matthew
25.31-46. He separates the sheep from the goats, and sends the goats into
eternal hell, but the sheep into eternal life. You'll notice that these
same nations are mentioned in Revelation 21, and they are not the bride but
the ones who came out of the White throne judgment.
This is also what Revelation 20.13-15 clearly says, "And the sea gave up
the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which
were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works...And
whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake
It says they are judged by works not faith. And only the ones not found
written in the book are cast into the Lake of Fire. Why not say none are
found written in the book of life, if that's what is meant?
This is also supported by Daniel 12.2, "And many of them that sleep in the
dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame
and everlasting contempt". God can forgive sins is he chooses. Nonbelievers
rise from the dust, which symbolizes Hades.
Also Revelation 20.13 excludes believers from this judgment so the ones
described as having life in Daniel 12.2 and Matthew 25 have to be the
Otherwise God would just be casting aborted babies and people who never
heard the gospel into eternal damnation.
Kyle 27 Jul 2011, 12:51
Let me clarify some points. I too believe that God saves many non
believers including those who were mentally incapable, the aborted, and
those ignorant of the gospel.
However, I disagree on it being based upon works as such because all our
works are as filthy rags. I rather take more of a monergist approach and
believe it is purely grace that the 3 afore mentioned examples are saved.
Same result as your premise but based strictly on grace and election.
I assume that we only disagree on the condition of the presently saved and
departed in Christ?
Doug Buckley 29 Jul 2011, 13:57
Hi Kyle, I'm sure there's things we agree on and disagree on. I know that
in the second resurrection the bible says nonbelievers will be judged by
works. The bible doesn't teach that righteous works are like filthy rags.
However, I agree that it is by God's grace, not works, that some will be
forgiven and others won't. In the second resurrection they don't earn their
way out of death and Hades, but are resurrected.
Also, if some of the dead will make it into eternal life when they are
judged, then we know that in the second resurrection people must be raised
into spiritual, and not flesh bodies, because there will be no flesh bodies
in the eternity.
Tom Muckian 01 Sep 2011, 07:51
I think the thing that confuses people is the idea that the soul is
immortal, and can think / move / feel, after the person dies. So the
departure of the soul is what induces death of the body, and God has to put
this soul someplace after death. (All these ideas were elaborated by
Plato, hundreds of years before Christ). And if the soul goes to hell,
isn't that a permanent condition? Can there be salvation from hell?
The reality is that when people die they are unconscious. (William
Tyndale, the first person to translate the Bible into English firmly avowed
this truth. Great man! Google his name). Anyway, nobody has gone to
heaven. At the second resurrection, people will come to life and be
condemned, as we all are, because their works (and ours) are inadequate.
But will the gospel then be preached to them? I believe yes. The saints
are to be kings and priests, we are told. The kingdom of God will not be
all chiefs and no Indians. These people will be our parishioners and
subjects, so to speak. These are not new ideas, but i have to admit that
the above is a mixture of scripture and speculation. But it fits with one
very scriptural concept: God is love.
Doug Buckley 03 Sep 2011, 05:46
Hi Tom, I'm not going to list every verse that supports people having
spiritual souls, but there's alot of them, and see chapters 10,12,13, and 9
on the right. Samuel even comes back from the dead to prophecy in 1st
Here's something to consider. If you believe that people are nothing until
the resurrection of the dead, and Jesus says only those who believe in him
have eternal life, then the only conclusion is that only Christians can
make it into the eternity. Even people who never hear the gospel have no
chance in the resurrection. However, what Jesus is really talking about is
that the souls of the faithful have eternal life in heaven and the
nonbelievers abide in spiritual death in hades, until the second
resurrection. Then, according to Revelation 20, the nonbelievers will be
judged by their works.
Ben Hutchins 25 Nov 2011, 00:34
Question? First & Second Resurrections?
I 'm having trouble understand in simple terms one forn the other.......I
have understood the resurection to be the same as the
"rapture"...........and the second resurrection is to be the resurection of
just and unjust
Doug Buckley 27 Nov 2011, 12:19
Hi Ben, wasn't able to get back to you sooner. There's a few differences
between the first resurrection and the second resurrection. The first
resurrection is a gathering back of believers to Christ, both literally and
on a deeper spiritual level, at his return. This resurrection will include
believers who are already with Jesus in heaven (Matthew 24.31).
The second resurrection will happen later, after the millennium. It is the
resurrection of nonbelievers. It is the resurrection described in John
5.28-29, Daniel 12.2, and Revelation 20.13+. The dead ones will be
resurrected out of the dust or tombs, not literally, but spiritually,
because the dust symbolizes spiritual death and Hades. This is made clearer
in Revelation 20. The nonbelievers will be judged by their works and some
will receive eternal life and others eternal damnation.
Everyone who ever lived will resurrect, and alot more people will be in the
second resurrection than the first. What both resurrections have in common
is that every person or soul will receive a spiritual body, becoming like
the angels. Even the ones who don't make it into eternal heaven will be
have spiritual bodies in the resurrection.
Roger 24 Jan 2012, 12:38
I have seen many good views of the two resurrections here. But all of
these comments could be argued until Jesus returns. What is more important
is that everyone we know comes to a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ. It
then really doesn't matter which view you believe for the second death has
no power over us. It is more important that we be born from above and
guided by the Holy Spirit. If we remain in this intimate relationship with
Jesus, our dwelling place, we can be assured we are seated with Him in
heavenly places right now, spiritually.
Tom Muckian 24 Jan 2012, 12:57
I have to say that the tone of these conversations (those that I've read)
is wonderfully respectful. I've seen Chritians ripping each other to
shreds on the Internet.
Dennis 06 Mar 2012, 19:39
So I am reading here that the second resurrection is not literal but only a
spiritual one. yet Rev 20 states that the wicked will be deceived by Satan
again and gather for battle with him, they march across the breadth of the
earth and surrounded the camp of God... But then are destroyed again?
please explain this for me...
Doug Buckley 07 Mar 2012, 12:27
Hi Dennis, the second resurrection isn't symbolic or anything like that.
The second resurrection is a real event, but it happens on a spiritual
level. At the end of the millennium, alot of the souls will still follow
Satan when he is released, and they will make some kind of last stand. God
will strike them all down. Then all the souls of the dead will be raised up
from the power of death and Hades and into spiritual bodies for the final
Dennis 08 Mar 2012, 12:42
Hi Doug, thanks for your quick reply.
This is all new for me, so please believe ma when I say that I am just
seeking and not looking for fault. I say that in advance so you and anyone
else will know I really want to understand to the fullest.
I understand the second resurrection, Not being the first which will be for
the Righteous...but being for the wicked dead. It was explained to me that
Satan will be bound for 1000 yr because there will be No Man left on the
earth to deceive, and that the dead are dead (asleep) without any life or
conciseness during that time. After that time they will be raised (made
alive in some form) and all the wicked will be together again on earth and
Satan will now be (free) to deceive again. (the chain that bound him was
the fact that there was no one for me to deceive during that time) Then it
seems as if some time and events pass until they gather for a last stand
against Gods camp and they are Destroyed (as if they were not) to ash, gone
forever and ever. I was told that the fire that God uses to destroy them
then is an event for a short time to make them perish ( burn up till gone)
and that is what Hell is.
So spiritual or flesh? I am open for more understanding, but I would like
to know if this is sound teachings (keep in mind it's not word for word,
it's just the big picture as I have been told)
Jim 09 Sep 2012, 01:40
Only nonbelievers get judged at the second resurrection and any who have
accepted Christ before the first resurrection don't ever get judged? (or
did I miss the other judgement somewhere in your book?). In 2 Corinthians
5:10 it states 'For we must ALL stand before Christ to be judged. We will
EACH receive whatever we deserve for the good or evil we have done in this
earthly body'. And Romans 14:10 '...Remember, we will ALL stand before the
judgement seat of God'. Doesn't this mean everyone is judged at some point?
This is a great book. Thanks for taking the time to write it and posting it
vs making it paper.
Doug Buckley 10 Sep 2012, 07:14
Hi Jim, Its good to hear from other Christians who are reading and thinking
about the book. If I said, or gave the impression, that Christians will not
stand before Christ and not face judgment, then I would be wrong.
Christians will absolutely stand before Christ and receive according to
their deeds, just like Romans 14.10 and other places indicate.
However, for a true Christian their sins are forgiven, so all their deeds
are righteous, and their place is guaranteed in Christ. So for them
judgment day is a time of rejoicing.
His lord said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast
been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things:
enter thou into the joy of thy lord. (Matthew 25:23 KJV)
When Christ returns judgment will start with the house of the Lord. Christ
will receive his elect, or the bride to him. He will also, reject or cast
out false Christians, and apostates. This is when Christians are "judged",
so to speak.
And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be
weeping and gnashing of teeth. (Matthew 25:30 KJV)
"Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy
name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many
wonderful works? And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you:
depart from me, ye that work iniquity (Matthew 7:22-23 KJV).
Then after the millennium, these ones that are rejected will be in the
second resurrection, and judged with the nonbelievers, some of whom will
receive eternal damnation (Revelation 20). So there is an order of judgment
as Christ first gathers his firstfruits, and then resurrects and judges the
nations after the millennium. He builds his eternal Kingdom in this order.
Robert 23 Jan 2013, 14:14
OLIVET DISCOURSE — Jesus’ discussion on the Mount of Olives about the
destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the world (Matt. 24:1–25:46; Mark
13:1–37; Luke 21:5–36).
Matt 25:31–46. The judgment of the nations concludes our Lord’s
prophetic discourse. Christ’s return in his glory to be enthroned on the
throne of his glory marks the great interruption of history as He brings
the Tribulation Period to an end and ushers in the millennial kingdom. This
judgment of all nations must be distinguished from the Great White Throne
Judgment at the end of the Millennium. The nations (Gr ethnos) are those
peoples living through the Tribulation on earth at the time of Christ’s
return. This is a judgment of separation: sheep on his right … goats on
the left. At this judgment all nations (better, “all Gentiles”) stand
before Christ who then separates the sheep (the saved) from the goats (the
lost) in a manner reminiscent of the wheat and tares parable. Some view
this as the judgment of the nations who have survived the Tribulation
Period, with the saved going into the millennial kingdom. Note that these
are living nations, whereas the Great White Throne Judgment is one of the
wicked dead whose bodies are resurrected to face the final judgment of the
lost. Thus, the saved are invited to come into and share the blessings of
His Kingdom: Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom. The basis
of their acceptance seems to be their treatment of the least of these my
brethren, the saved of the Tribulation. The acts of kindness ( 35–38)
were done by these sheep nations unto the persecuted Jewish believers and
their converts during the reign of the Antichrist and now bring the
blessing of God’s salvation upon these nations. The acts of kindness do
not themselves merit salvation apart from the atonement of Christ. Since
the nations are the Gentiles and “my brethren” are neither, they must
be the Jews. The goats are banished into everlasting fire or hell. Both the
judgment and the blessed life are designated by the same adjective,
“eternal” (Gr aionios), clearly indicating their equal duration. This
eternal judgment is in keeping with Revelation 14:11; 19:15. No unsaved
adults are admitted into the millennial kingdom when it is begun on earth.
A natural and legitimate conclusion, then, is that the Rapture must occur
before this event. Thus, the Rapture precedes the Tribulation Period, which
itself precedes the millennial kingdom.
(Ezekiel 37:7-8,10,13) "the bones came together, bone to its bone. And as I
looked, there were sinews on them, and flesh had come upon them, and skin
had covered them ... and the breath came into them, and they lived, and
stood upon their feet ... And you shall know that I am The Lord, when I
open your graves, and raise you from your graves, O my people" < From my
study this goes back to Matt 25:31-46 (How ever it don't make me right) and
it could be physical life
Doug Buckley 23 Jan 2013, 14:17
moved comment over here.
Eric 21 Jun 2013, 23:04
many unbelievers will repent that day, the person who willfully reject God
will be cast into lake of fire, because
2nd resurrection is God's second chance, because once again Satan will
deceive nations, maybe there will be unbelievers who won't reject God, if
you want to look at it in another view, then most(3/4) of the world is
what about other religions? IT IS A SECOND CHANCE, God did not created us
to torment us, we are different from
animals, we are from him, and his plan is to extend his family, not to
throw many into lake of fire,
Dana Pimentel 02 Aug 2013, 15:57
Thank you for adding scripture to back up the truth.
Doug Buckley 02 Aug 2013, 18:00
Hi Dana, thanks
Manny 18 Aug 2013, 19:19
Just a few questions. Why is there no mention of a second resurrection in
scripture only a second death. In Matt. 22:30 Christ only says in the
resurrection, not resurrections. And in John 12:44-50 Christ says the word
that I have spoken, the same shall judge him who rejects it in the last
days. John 6:63 Christ defines the spirit that quickens (resurrects);It is
the spirit that quickens, the flesh profits nothing; the words that I speak
unto you, they are spirit and they are life. In short (because there is
much more) if in 1Thess.4:14-17 they who did not reject the words of Christ
are they who are asleep in the Lord and they who are alive in the Lord, by
the same manner, are not destroyed by a flaming fire taking vengeance on
them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus
Christ, are caught up unto the Lord in the air. Is this then not the return
of Christ? If so, then have they not already been judged by the words of
Christ. Then If this is the first resurrection, and these will be with the
Lord 1,000 yrs. Afterwards (Rv. 20:4-7) the time for the rest of the dead
and the second death comes. After the events of that judgment. I have not
read any place in scriptures of a second resurrection or really a second
judgment, just a judgment based on two choices over one testimony.
Doug Buckley 20 Aug 2013, 03:55
Hi Manny, deep questions. It's true that the words second resurrection
don't appear anywhere in the bible. Yet many scriptures describe two
separate resurrections. You could also think of it as one resurrection
divided into two parts, and I believe in some places this is what's meant.
What's clear though is that everyone resurrects (Acts 24.15), but not at
the same time.
First, understand that time statements in the bible can be tricky, and a
lot of disagreement comes from them. John 6.40 and 12.48 both say that
Jesus will judge sinner and saint on the last day. But the last day is the
Day of the Lord which includes the millennium and the second resurrection.
Read Matthew 3.10-12 as an example of how scripture sometimes "compresses"
time like this.
We know from Revelation 20.5 that the ones resurrected when Christ returns
reign with him in the millennium, and this is called the first
resurrection. Revelation 20.6 says these ones are special, so we know this
isn't everyone. This is the same as whats described in 1st Thess 4.13-17.
Only those who remain and those who sleep in Christ (saints) are his at his
coming. They are forever with the Lord.
The Lord will also take vengeance at this time. His wrath will be poured
out on many. This is when he casts people into the outer darkness, which is
not the final judgment. He will rule the nations with a rod of iron (Rev
2.27) and he must reign till his enemies are under his feet (1st
So Revelation 20.13 is after all this and must be a second resurrection or
a continuation of it. They're resurrected from the dust (Daniel 12.2),
because they're spiritually dead. These aren't believers but unbelievers,
called the nations in some places. This is what Jesus means that the ones
in the tombs will come forth (John 5.28-29), they are in released from
death like Revelation 20.13 describes. Tombs are a symbol of death and
Hades. So they are raised up and then go into their final places.